If you don’t believe a media narrative – especially one which is reproduced over a number of mainstream outlets and social media over a short period of time, it is natural to ask who benefits?
But that is not enough especially when there could be more than one beneficiary.
Ask also – who was best / most easily placed, especially in a specific location to carry out an action. Who for example in a country is local, who has access to local resources, who doesn’t. What is unusual about the narrative. Who may be vulnerable to some form of intimidation or may benefit e.g. financially if a narrative remains that narrative. These are not the questions of cranks / conspiracy theorists.
Before attributing blame, look at many different contexts. What was situation prior to an event etc
This is all important if you want a counter narrative.