What a Russian President does vs what a Russian Prime Minister does

To mostly ignorant outsiders like myself, this was a little confusing but have found some clarity in the Russian Constitution: http://www.constitution.ru/en/10003000-05.htm

Russian President – articles 83-90

Article 83

The President of the Russian Federation shall:

appoint by agreement with the State Duma the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation;
have the right to chair meetings of the Government of the Russian Federation;
adopt decision on the registration of the Government of the Russian Federation;
present to the State Duma a candidate for the appointment to the post of the Chairman of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, raise before the State Duma the issue of dismissing the Chairman of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation;
on the proposal by the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation appoint and dismiss deputy chairmen of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal ministers;
present to the Council of the Federation candidates for appointment as judges of the Constitution Court of the Russian Federation, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Higher Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, as well as a candidate for the post of the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation; appoint judges of other federal courts;
form and head the Security Council of the Russian Federation, the status of which is determined by the federal law;
approve the military doctrine of the Russian Federation;
form the Administration of the President of the Russian Federation;
appoint and dismiss plenipotentiary representatives of the President of the Russian Federation;
appoint and dismiss the supreme command of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation;
after consultations with corresponding committees and commissions of the chambers of the Federal Assembly appoint and recall diplomatic representatives of the Russian Federation in foreign States and international organizations.

Article 84

The President of the Russian Federation shall:

announce elections to the State Duma according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal law;
dissolve the State Duma in cases and according to the rules fixed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation;
announce a referendum according to the rules fixed by the federal constitutional law;
submit bills to the State Duma;
sign and make public the federal laws;
address the Federal Assembly with annual messages on the situation in the country, on the guidelines of the internal and foreign policy of the State.

Article 85

1. The President of the Russian Federation may use conciliatory procedures to solve disputes between the bodies of state authority of the Russian Federation and bodies of state authority of the subjects of the Russian Federation, as well as between bodies of state authority of the subjects of the Russian Federation. In case no agreed decision is reached, he shall have the right to submit the dispute for the consideration of a corresponding court.

2. The President of the Russian Federation shall have the right to suspend acts of the Bodies of executive power of the subjects of the Russian Federation in case these acts contradict the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal laws, international commitments of the Russian Federation or violate the rights and freedoms of man and citizen until the issue is solved by a corresponding court.

Article 86

The President of the Russian Federation shall:

govern the foreign policy of the Russian Federation;
hold negotiations and sign international treaties and agreements of the Russian Federation;
sign ratification instruments;
received credentials and letters of recall of diplomatic representatives accredited to him.

Article 87

1. The President of the Russian Federation shall be the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

2. In case of an aggression against the Russian Federation or of a direct threat of aggression the President of the Russian Federation shall introduce in the territory of the Russian Federation or in its certain parts a martial law and immediately inform the Council of the Federation and the State Duma about this .

3. The regime of the martial law shall be defined by the federal constitutional law.

Article 88

The President of the Russian Federation, in circumstances and according to the rules envisaged by the federal constitutional law, shall introduce a state of emergency in the territory of the Russian Federation or in its certain parts and immediately inform the Council of the Federation and the State Duma about this.

Article 89

The President of the Russian Federation shall:

solve the issues of citizenship of the Russian Federation and of granting political asylum;
decorate with state awards of the Russian Federation, award honourary titles of the Russian Federation, higher military and higher special ranks;
decide on pardoning.

Article 90

1. The President of the Russian Federation shall issue decrees and orders.

2. The decrees and orders of the President of the Russian Federation shall be obligatory for fulfillment in the whole territory of the Russian Federation.

3. Decrees and orders of the President of the Russian Federation shall not run counter to the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal laws.

Prime Minister – chairman of the federal government via wikipedia:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Minister_of_Russia

The use of the term “Prime Minister” is strictly informal and is not allowed for by the Russian Constitution and other laws.

In general, the Prime Minister serves more of an administrative role, nominating members of the Cabinet and implementing domestic policy. In accordance with the federal constitutional law “On the Government of the Russian Federation” the Prime Minister exercises the following duties:

determines the operating priorities of the Government and organizes its work in accordance with the Constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws and Presidential decrees
submits to the President proposals on the structure and functions of the central institutions of the executive branch (e.g. ministries and federal agencies);[6]
nominates the vice prime ministers, federal ministers and other officers and presents them to the President;
submits to the President proposals on punishment and rewards of the Government members;
represents the Government as an institution in foreign relations and inside the country;
heads the sessions of the Government and its Presidium where he has the decisive vote;
signs the acts of the Government;
report annually to the State Duma about the Government activities;
distributes duties among members of the Government;
systematically informs the President about the Government activities;

The Prime Minister is ex officio a member of:

The Security Council of the Russian Federation;
The Council of the Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Independent States;
The Supreme State Council of the Union State of Russia and Belarus;
The Council of the Heads of Government of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization;
The Interstate Council of the Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC);

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